How do I know if my baby is allergic?

How do I know if my baby is allergic?

Due to the natural course of allergic diseases, the first symptoms begin against food antigens and in early infancy. During this period, the baby's immune system naturally reacts to the allergens it encounters. Especially in infants fed with formula from the first days of life, milk is the most common cause. However, it should not be forgotten that all food antigens taken in the mother's diet are passed on to the baby, even in those who are breastfed. In order of frequency, the allergens responsible for allergies are listed as cow's milk proteins, egg proteins, wheat and gluten proteins, nuts, soy and fish proteins.

If the symptoms listed below are recurrent or persistent in your baby from the first months of life, allergy should come to mind and a specialist's opinion should be sought.

General Symptoms

  • Extreme restlessness after feeding 
  • slowing down in weight gain

Symptoms related to the gastrointestinal tract

  • excessive gas
  • excruciating abdominal pain
  • Nutritional refusal
  • Constipation
  • Bloody or mucous stools
  • Vomiting

Skin Symptoms

  • Eczema on the face and/or trunk (persistent redness/dryness/itching)

  • Persistent rash or rash on the buttock

  • Urticaria and/or angioedema (colloquially, hives) that develops suddenly and recurs

Other Symptoms

  • Recurrent episodes of coughing and/or wheezing

  •  Anemia (anemia)

prof. Dr. Nerin N. Bahçeciler

Near East University Faculty of Medicine

Department of Pediatric Allergy-Immunology, Nicosia, Cyprus

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